1. M.A. ENGLISH: 1. PU Part I 2. PU Part II 3. UOS Part I4. UOS Part II 5. BZU Part I 6. BZU Part II
2. GRADUATION: 1. PU B.A. English (C) 2. PU B.A. English Lit. 3. PU B.Sc. English 4. PU B.Com English 5. UOS B.A. English (C) 6. BZU B.A. English (C)
3. INTER & A LEVEL: 1. Ist Year English (PB) 2. 2nd Year English (PB) 3. A Level English Part I 4. A Level English Part II
4. MATRIC & O LEVEL: 1. English for Class 9 (PB) 2. English for Class 10 (PB) 3. O Level English Part I 4. O Level English Part II
Friday, 19 December 2014
Every Day is a New Day
Nature has its own cycles. The cycle of time in which the earth makes a complete rotation on its axis is called a day. Although, a day is a repetitive natural phenomenon yet no day is same. Every day is a new day because it is extremely different, a new beginning and a new opportunity.
Firstly, every day is a different day. It has a different name, different date and different possibilities. When Manolin reminds Santiago of his an erstwhile unlucky spell of 87 days, Santiago says, "It could not happen twice". Thus no day is like bygone days. It is absolutely new.
Secondly, every day is a new beginning. A man is reborn every day. It is the first day of the rest of his life. It is a clean slate. If man performs bad of good deeds the day before, the canvas is wiped clean as soon as he wakes up the next morning.
Thirdly, every day is a new opportunity. The chief beauty about a new day is that no man can consume it in advance. Every new day lies ready for him, as perfect, as unspoiled. So man should be optimistic about every day. In fact, Santiago rightly hopes that 85th will be a lucky day.
Thursday, 18 December 2014
Hand-Game With a Negro
During the struggle with the Marlin, Santiago remembers his hand-game with a Negro. It was a Sunday morning at an inn in Casablanca. Young Santiago and the Negro sat on opposite chairs, placed their elbows on a table between them, gripped their right hands and the match started. Eight hours passed but nothing happened except a new referee.
Evening advanced so the oil lamps were lit. The bettors became hopeless so they started leaving and entering the room. In this situation, the wrestlers strained themselves so severely that blood began to ooze from under their fingernails. Further four hours could make no decision but a new referee.
At night, the Negro was entertained with rum and cigarettes so he put a tremendous torque and inclined Santiago's arm down three inches off the balance. However, Santiago raised his hand up to dead even again. All the night, the odds and the referees kept on changing but the match remained a tie.
The sun of the Monday morning rose. The bettors wanted the match to be declared a draw because they were to go to their jobs. Santiago felt it, so he applied his whole might and forced the Negro's hand down and down until it kissed the table. At last, Santiago had won the match and earned the title of "El Campeon".
Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Comparison Between Santiago
Santiago compares himself with two things; Marlin and DiMaggio. However, the figure to cult is DiMaggio. Santiago never calls him DiMaggio but the "great DiMaggio". He emulates him because both are born fishermen, champions and handicapped.
Firstly, both are born fishermen. DiMaggio's father, Giuseppe, was a fisherman. Santiago muses three times throughout the novella that the great DiMaggio's father was a fisherman. And Santiago is a veteran fisherman of Cojimar in Cuba. Thus both have same backgrounds.
Secondly, both are champions. DiMaggio, otherwise know as the "Yankee Clipper", is a baseball champion. Santiago calls him a player who "makes the difference". And Santiago is a hand-wrestling champion. He earned the title of "El Campeon" by defeating a Negro from Cienfuegos.
Thirdly, both are handicapped. Santiago compares his left cramped hand with the bone spur of DiMaggio. He believes that if DiMaggio can play baseball with his osteotype, he can also continue his struggle against the giant Marlin with his cramped hand.
Tuesday, 16 December 2014
The Role of Manolin
The novella introduces Manolin in the second starting sentence as a 'boy'. However, critics have established his exact age as 22, based on his reference to the base-ball player, Dick Sisler. Manolin's character is functional. He is the greatest 'prop' for Santiago. He keeps Santiago alive because he provides Santiago food, company and help.
Firstly, Manolin provides Santiago food and beverage. The poor Santiago has been failing to catch a fish for eighty-four consecutive days. In this predicament, Manolin saves him from starving to death by serving him with beer, coffee and sumptuous suppers. He says to Santiago, "You'll not fish without eating while I'm alive".
Secondly, Manolin gives Santiago company. Santiago's wife has died. He has neither children nor any relatives. Manolin is his last and deepest human relationship. Manolin's company keeps him emotionally sound and psychologically balanced. Without his company, Santiago's survival would have been impossible.
Thirdly, Manolin renders Santiago help and assistance. He is not only Santiago's apprentice but also acts as his son. He helps him with his gear. He supplies him with fresh baits. He brings ointment for his lacerated hands. In fact, it is Manolin's help which ensures that Santiago will live on.